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High fertility index to sustain the population growth


When we speak of the growth of a population, fertility is a key factor. In 2005, the fertility index (average number of children for one family) was 1.7 for Asian women, 1.8 for white non-Hispanic women, 2.0 for Afro-American women and 2.9 for Latin women.

The key to understand the impact of these differences is to understand that it is necessary to have a fertility index of 2.1 to sustain the growth of any group of people in the world based on births alone. We can conclude, therefore, that Latinos are the only ethnic group with sufficient births to grow and to sustain the density of their population depending on births only.

Demographic studies show that the Latin population grows at a constant rate and higher than that of other groups. According to projections, the Hispanic population grows at an annual rate of 3.4%, the Asian population grows at a rate of 3.2%, Afro-Americans grow at the rate of 1.3% and whites non-Hispanic grow at a rate of 0.3%.


Larry D'Arrigo



Short demographic history of the Hispanic community in the United States


Professor Leobardo Estrada, a sociologist, in his book "Latinos and the Nation's Future" and edited by Henry Cisneros (Former Housing Secretary during the Clinton administration), in May 2009, presents an analysis about the demographic implications that life events like marriage, education, death, births etc., have in the Latin society as well as in the future of the United States.

Professor Estrada demonstrates the growth of the Latin population, using as a base that when the Southwestern states became part of the United States, there were about 160,000 persons of Spanish origin in the United States and its territories.

The number of Latinos born outside the United States reached 1 million when Andrew Jackson was president.

When J. F. Kennedy was president, the number of Latinos reached 5 million.

When Richard Nixon was president, the number of Latinos reached 10 million.

When Ronald Reagan was president, the number of Latinos reached 20 million.

When Bill Clinton was president, the number of Latinos reached 30 million.

It was during the G. W. Bush administration that the number of Latinos reached 40 million.

President Obama will see the number of Latinos reach 50 million according to the numbers that the 2010 census will reveal.


Larry D'Arrigo




Latin population in the United States, a great Nation?


Many will ask, what does this mean? Where are we heading? Are we talking about a Latin community as a great Nation inside the United States, another great nation? The answer is not simple, but we must understand that we are here planting a seed and developing roots, making our Latin community a modern demographic phenomenon. If our countries of origin are already demographically established, the population growth, community strength, and projections for the future of our community within the United States, will bring this country to be the third nation with the largest Latin population in the world.


Larry D'Arrigo



Statistics and Growth of the Hispanic community in the United States


If we look at the young Latinos, the numbers are more impressive than those of the Latin community are in general. In a recent study, the Hispanic Center (PEW) published on May 31st 2009, concluded that Hispanics under 18 years of age represent 22% of the Hispanic population, more than one for every five of the population in the United States. These numbers reflect a significant increase since 1980, when the same demographic group represented just 9%.

Pew also affirms that in the same manner in which the numbers changed, the demographic characteristics also changed.
There are about 16 million Hispanic children and youngsters under 18 years of age in the United States, 52% of this group are part of a "second generation" according to PEW in its study "Hispanic children: The development of the second generation, based on the census bureau statistics".

This numbers show that the children belong to at least one parent born outside the United States, typically from immigrants that came from Mexico, Central America, Latin America or the Caribbean during the immigration wave of 1980.

About 11% of Latin children are "first generation", born in a foreign country, and 37% of the Latin children are "third generation or greater", born of Hispanic parents born in the United States.

These changes, the PEW study shows, are important because the social, economic and demographic characteristics of the Latin children "vary substantially according to the status of the generational background".

According to the study, two thirds of the 1.7 million of Latin children born outside the United States are illegal immigrants while none of the 6 million children that belong to the third generation are, since they were born in the country where their parents where born, and both are American Citizens.

Among the children that belong to the second generation, almost 4 out of 10 have at least one legal immigrant parent and live in families with a mixed immigration status.

The projections of the census bureau indicate that toward the year 2025, almost three of each ten children in this country will have Latin ethnic origin.

During the last two decades, the numbers show, the Latin community had an impressive rate of growth because of births and new immigration.

Larry D'Arrigo


Latin Youth and the future of the United States


I am bringing out all these number to give a better understanding of the historical moment that we live today. Since that day on July 1, 2002 when we became the first grand minority in the United States with 38 million Latinos, and then, in 2010, if the projections for the future are correct we will arrive at the impressive number of 50 million. A growth of about 12 million in 8 years is impressive and breaks all the promises, even the ones made by the more optimistic of the experts.
Even though the accelerated growth of the Latino population related to immigration has slowed a bit due to the economic crisis that this country is experiencing, the seed was planted and will grow in all hospitals across the country, where daily we will see children of Hispanic parents be born and become part of the North American society. These children will then turn into the intelligence and the labor force of tomorrow. They will maintain the status of the United States as a world power not just militarily or technologically or due to its great industries or great financial investments, but they also will bring their intelligence to the fields in science, technology, education etc.
This cooperation will be one of the responsibilities of one of the youngest of all communities, which is the Hispanic population. At the same time, both, the Latinos as fathers of a great community that looks to the future of our children in this nation, and the United States that cannot continue to close it eyes to its own future must share this responsibility. Therefore, this country will have to give attention and invest in our community and especially in the education of our children and youngsters.

Larry D'Arrigo



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